Morocco’s solidarity cooperation with LDCs is structured by bilateral or triangular conventions in various fields, such as agriculture, fishing, health, drinking water and energy, which are translated into practical cooperation and sharing of Moroccan expertise through technical assistance
RABAT: His Majesty King Mohammed VI has, since His Enthronement, made the Kingdom’s active solidarity in favor of the least developed countries (LDCs), a central axis of his African policy. This commitment has found a new concrete translation in the context of the health crisis. The initiative of the Sovereign to deliver aid in medicines and equipment, protection and prevention products to some twenty African countries has greatly benefited the fraternal countries of the Continent which are part of the LDCs.
Morocco’s solidarity cooperation with LDCs is structured by bilateral or triangular conventions in various fields, such as agriculture, fishing, health, drinking water and energy, which are translated into practical cooperation and sharing of Moroccan expertise through technical assistance.
This cooperation is also supported by several concrete initiatives, including in particular the cancellation of the debt of the least developed African countries, access to the Moroccan market for products from certain African LDCs without customs duties, the granting of scholarships, the implementation of infrastructure projects, particularly in the education, health and water sectors, and the establishment of a migration policy that has made it possible to regularize the situation of around 50,000 nationals of fraternal African countries, since 2014.
This solidarity-based cooperation is also being deployed through Morocco’s regional and international initiatives in the area of climate change, as an example the operationalization of the three Climate Commissions, launched by His Majesty the King on the occasion of the African Action Summit, organized by Morocco in 2016, on the sidelines of COP-22 and the “Triple A” Initiative for the Adaptation of African Agriculture.
The “Triple S” Initiative to promote Sustainability, Stability and Security in Africa and the Universal Access to Sustainable Energy Initiative and the Climate Hub for African Youth, launched on the occasion of the 2019 Climate Action Summit.
It is with this plural, united and dynamic vision that Morocco works tirelessly to use its experience and know-how for the promotion of cooperation with the LDCs The Kingdom will continue its action through a commitment to remain in line with the strategy of cooperation and partnership with the LDCs, in particular within the framework of the new Doha process, which promises solidarity and concrete action for the achievement of sustainable development for all Least Developed Countries.
This trend reflects the development efforts of LDCs. Indeed, 6 countries have left the category of LDCs and sixteen other countries currently meet the criteria to follow suit.
“We have reason to worry about the sustainability of this undeniable progress”, since the Covid-19 pandemic has impacted the socio-economic situation and worsened the vulnerabilities of the least developed countries, with particular acuity.
However, this context of health crisis can also be transformed into an opportunity to give new impetus to cooperation in favor of LDCs. It is indeed an opportunity to provide innovative, concrete and realistic solutions, the structural and exogenous constraints encountered by LDCs. The pooling of efforts and daring innovations to promote the sustainable development of LDCs, which is the key to a dignified and united response has to be implemented.
The international community is called upon to design a package of measures, targeted and specific, around 4 priorities, including the urgency of guaranteeing LDCs affordable and equitable access to vaccines, so that the post-Covid economic recovery is no more difficult than ‘it isn’t already.
Among these priorities, we can cite the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which should be at the center of international cooperation, stressing the need to help LDCs strengthen their health systems and promote sustainable and inclusive development.
It is necessary to establish agile, predictable financing mechanisms adapted to the specific needs of LDCs, because the economic recovery depends on it, especially since the pandemic has worsened the specter of over-indebtedness in many countries.
It is essential to ensure the countries exiting the list of LDCs a safe and smooth transition, since reclassification unfortunately does not provide insurance against vulnerabilities – especially exogenous ones – which can hurt the economies of LDCs.
It is therefore essential to provide innovative and united solutions to enable these countries to make their transition lasting.