SBP brings new mechanism for banks to ensure better housing financing


KARACHI, Oct 07 : State Bank of Pakistan has introduced a mechanism of incentives and penalty for banks to promote housing and construction financing in pursuance of its policy of setting mandatory target for banks to extend mortgage loans and financing for developers and builders.

Under this new mechanism, against incentives offered to banks for their increased financing in housing and construction industry, they will be penalized for a shortfall in the financing targets set for them, said SBP statement here on Wednesday.

To be implemented from Dec. 31,2020, this mechanism will provide the banks with an incentive of maintaining reduced Cash Reserve Requirement with State Bank, in the next quarter, in case they achieve or exceed the target of financing for housing and construction of buildings set for the quarter.

The amount of CRR to be maintained for the forthcoming quarter will be reduced by an amount equal to increase in housing and construction finance from June 30, 2020 to the end of the relevant quarter. This incentive, however, will be subject to a ceiling of 1 percent of the total demand and time liabilities based on which CRR was calculated. Further, the banks shall continue to maintain daily minimum CRR, which is currently at 3 percent.

Conversely, if the banks fail to meet the target, they will be penalized by requiring to maintain extra CRR by an amount equal to the shortage from the target. It would be pertinent to mention here that banks do not earn any return on the amount of CRR maintained. Therefore, a decrease in amount of CRR works as an incentive for banks, whereas an increase in amount of CRR serves as a penalty for banks. Further details of the incentive mechanism are provided in the circular issued to banks and available at:

SBP has been actively working with banks to support finance for the promotion of housing and construction of building activities in the country. The growth of the housing and construction sector is vital for the economy, due to its linkages with a number of allied industries and potential for jobs creation and Pakistan has lower private sector credit to GDP than many comparable countries. In order to enhance the flow of financing towards this sector, SBP has required banks to achieve mandatory targets, equivalent to 5 percent of their domestic private sector credit by December 31, 2021, to finance the housing and construction activities. Accordingly, quarterly targets from December 31, 2020 till December 31, 2021 have been agreed with the banks.

The Central Bank expects that this incentive mechanism, through changes in the CRR structure, will encourage the banks to increase their emphasis on housing and construction finance.