Tashkent, Uzbekistan – The presentation of the next edition of the Red Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan was held at the Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan.This publication is the result of five years of painstaking work by specialized specialists. It was prepared by the Chinor ENK Publishing House in conjunction with the State Committee for Ecology of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The book was published in two volumes, which contains basic information about rare and endangered species of flora and fauna. The first volume contains information about the plant world of Uzbekistan, the second volume contains representatives of the animal world.
The “Red Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan” on the plant world lists 314 rare and endangered plant species that need protection. In the previous edition (2009), the number of such plant and mushroom species was 324.
According to scientists from the Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as a result of scientific research carried out in the regions of the republic, the marsh saxifraga, Lloydia late, Martius sword-grass, Altai bathhouse, round-leaved aconite and allohruz Tajik were excluded from the Red Book. These species are rarely found in Uzbekistan, as their ranges are mainly located in other countries (Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, etc.). Were also excluded – scabiosis Ulugbek, Olga ‘s fieldfare and Nataliel Alai. According to current data, the range of these species does not enter the territory of Uzbekistan. In addition, studies in recent years have shown that species such as Keller ‘s astragalus, Alatavian saffron, Olga ‘s false claus, Mogoltavia Severtsov, and Lipsky are remarkable, are widespread enough and are not in danger of extinction. For this reason, these plants were excluded from the Red Book.
The number of species considered as extinct species with status 0 decreased from 19 to 10. Another 15 rare and endemic species were included in the Red Book, including several new species for science that have been discovered in the last few years. Compared with the previous edition, 157 species have changed status.
The new edition of the Red Book also made some changes regarding the wildlife. Today, the Institute of Zoology of the Academy of Sciences and the Uzbek Zoological Society have accumulated rich material that allows us to assess the current state and status of many species of animals of domestic fauna. The 2019 Red List includes 30 species of mammals (with subspecies – 32), 52 species of birds, 21 species of reptiles, 17 species of fish (with subspecies – 18), 3 species of annelids, 14 species of mollusks, 66 species of arthropods.
For comparison, we cite the data of the previous issue of the Red Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan from 2009. It includes 24 species of mammals (with subspecies – 25), 48 species of birds (with subspecies – 51), 16 species of reptiles, 17 species of fish (with subspecies – 18), 3 species of annelids, 14 species of mollusks, 60 species of arthropods.
During the presentation, it was also noted that in 2016, the Institute of Botany began research on the preparation of regional cadastres in the administrative regions of Uzbekistan. To date, 4 issues have been prepared, 2 of which have already been published. These publications provide the entire list of plants that grow in a particular area. As well as a list of all rare, endangered Red Book species of plants with photographs and point GIS maps for the convenience of employees of environmental structures of regional significance. Ultimately, it is planned to release 12 separate publications in 12 administrative regions of Uzbekistan.